củ kiệu

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This article is about a plant with the Japanese name Rakkyō. For the film series, see Kara no Kyōkai.

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Chinese onion

Conservation status

Least Concern (IUCN 3.1)[1]

Scientific classification Edit this classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamily: Allioideae
Genus: Allium

A. chinense

Binomial name
Allium chinense


  • Allium bakeri Regel
  • Allium bodinieri H.Lév. & Vaniot
  • Allium exsertum Baker 1874, illegitimate homonym not G. Don 1827
  • Allium martini H.Lév. & Vaniot
  • Allium splendens Miq. 1867, illegitimate homonym not Willd. 1830
  • Caloscordum exsertum Herb.

Allium chinense (also known as Chinese onion,[3][4] Chinese scallion,[3] glittering chive,[5] Japanese scallion,[3] Kiangsi scallion,[4] and Oriental onion[3]) is an edible species of Allium, native to tướng Đài Loan Trung Quốc,[3] and cultivated in many other countries.[6] Its close relatives include the onion, shallot, leek, chive, and garlic.[7]

Flowers of Allium chinense


Allium chinense is native to tướng Đài Loan Trung Quốc (in Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, and Zhejiang provinces).[3] It is naturalized in other parts of Asia as well as in North America.[3][8][9]



Owing to tướng its very mild and "fresh" taste, A. chinense is often pickled and served as a side dish in nhật bản and Vietnam to tướng balance the stronger flavor of some other component in a meal. For example, in Japanese cuisine, it is eaten as a garnish on Japanese curry.[10]

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In Vietnam, pickled A. chinense, known as củ kiệu, is often served during Tết (Lunar New Year).[citation needed]

In Japanese, it is known as rakkyō (辣韮 or 薤). Glass bottles of white rakkyō bulb pickles are sold in Asian supermarkets in North America.[11]


Allium chinense is used as a folk medicine in tonics to tướng help the intestines, and as a stomachic.[12]

See also[edit]

  • Allium tuberosum, also known as garlic chives – Species of onion native to tướng southwestern parts of the Chinese province of Shanxi
  • Pickled onion – Onions pickled in a solution of vinegar or salt


External links[edit]

  • Botanical drawing of Allium chinense at Tropicos.org
  • "Allium chinense". Plants for a Future.
  • "Allium splendens". Plants for a Future.